Wed, Oct 21 | sez@deltabec.co.za

Deadline for Comment and Objections

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Deadline for Comment and Objections

Time & Location

Oct 21, 2020, 12:00 AM – 6:05 AM GMT+2
sez@deltabec.co.za

About the Event

Musina Makhado Special Economic Zone (EMSEZ) is a Chinese funded project encompassing approximately 8000 hectares in Limpopo, and will comprise of numerous industrial projects (including 3300MW coal fired power station, numerous mines and metallurgical industries, ferrochrome industry, steel industry, vanadium plant, cement plant, manganese plant, and many others).

According to the report, EMSEZ has a metallurgical (site 2) and logistics (site 1) cluster. It consists of two sites, namely one at Antonvilla(Site1) in Musina, where logistics and manufacturing will form the main component, and the other approximately 50km to the south of Musina, referred to as the Musina‐Makhado/Bokmakierie/southern or designated SEZsite (Site2), that focus on the metallurgical and energy cluster. The DEIR deals specifically with the Makhado/Bokmakierie(Site2) of the Musina‐Makhado Special Economic Zone(SEZ), the Southern SEZ site, in relation to the clearance of the land only, and each facility will submit a separate EIA application for its construction and operation.

Here are some information of interest taken from the DEIR:

  • WATER: A      critical risk factor is the long‐term availability of water as the region      is severely water strained. The two main sources of water in the area      are  the Limpopo River (Sand and Nzhelele catchment,  and the      Nzhelele Dam. The bulk water demand for the fully developed EMSEZ southern      site is currently estimated at 13910.5km3 for the 9‐year construction      period. An additional possible alternative water source is Zhovhe dam on      Mzingwane River (of Beitbridge water treatment plant/Thuli Moswa Dam);      Runde (Tugwi-Mkosi Dam); Save (Chodo-Chitowe Dam);
  • WETLANDS:      Multiple wetlands are located across the eight farms, including seeps,      flats, valley‐bottom wetlands and channeled valley‐bottom wetlands.       Limited desktop study. Major impact, no room for mitigation, only offsets;
  • PROTECTED      AREAS:  UNESCO Vhembe Biosphere Reserve; National      Parks(Kruger national Park, Mapungupwe national Park); Formal Protected      Areas (Baobab Protected Reserve; Musina, Honnet, Nwanedi, Nzhelele, Happy      Rest and Langjan Nature Reserve; Informal Protected Areas; National      Protected Areas Expansion Strategy(NPAES) Focus Areas (Blouberg Langjan      National Protected Areas); and Private Nature Reserves (Averal,      Nzhlelele); Critical Biodiversity area 2; Ecological Corridor Network;      Important Bird Area nearby;
  • CLIMATE      CHANGE: High risk: estimated 1 billion tonnes of CO2 equivalent      emission over its lifetime, which is about 10-16% of SA’s total carbon      budget annually (figures vary in various pages of the report).       Mitigation will not alter the impact the GHG on climate change impacts in      terms of probability, extent or duration of the risks. Some of the threats      include temperature increase related crop loss – food insecurity for the      communities in the region, operation of SEZ due to lack of water; floods;      endemic biota decline; worsen socio-economic impacts for the Vhembe      community;
  • HERITAGE:      stone age materials; burial sites;
  • FARMING:      potential impact to 689000ha agricultural and grazing land due from water      competition, pollution, air pollution, water contamination;
  • AIR      QUALITY: possible pollution from PM, Manganese, Hexavalent      Chromium, Sulphur Dioxide, Hydrogen Sulphide, Carbon Dioxidde, Oxides of      Nitrogen;
  • TOURISM      AND FOOD SECURITY:  project may impact tourism      (many nature reserves in the area) in the region due noise, aesthetics,      pollution from various industries in the region etc. Loss of agricultural      land due to more mine prospectors coming into the region;
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